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Idaho Bike Laws

IDAHO BICYCLE LAWS

Right to the Road

  • Idaho bicyclists generally have the same rights, and same duties, as drivers of motor vehicles.

Prohibitions

  • Bicycles may only carry the number of persons for which it is designed, except an adult may carry a child in a backpack or sling.
  • Cyclists cannot hang onto or attach themselves to vehicles or ride so close as to present a danger

Helmets

  • There is no requirement for helmets for anyone on a bicycle

Alcohol

  • Idaho’s DUI statute does not apply to bicyclists.
  • Local ordinances may impact impaired cyclists

Where to Ride

  • Bicycles are to ride as close as practicable to the right side of the roadway except when overtaking another bicyclist, when preparing to make a left turn, when necessary to avoid a fixed or slow moving object or vehicle or when riding in a substandard width lane.
  • On one-way roads bicyclists may ride are near the left hand side of the roadway as is practicable.

Sidewalks

  • Sidewalk riding is generally permitted except where prohibited by local ordinance.
  • Cyclists  riding on a sidewalk must yield the right of way to pedestrians and must give an audible signal before passing.

Motor Vehicle Doors

  • No person may open the door of a motor vehicle unless it is safe to do so.

Bike Lanes, Bike Paths and Multi-Use Paths

  • Idaho bicyclists are generally allowed to use the roadway
  • In Boise City where a bike Lane is provided on or “immediately adjacent to” the roadway cyclists required to ride in or upon the bike lanes or paths roadway with exceptions for right and left turns and to avoid hazards.

Stop Signs and Traffic Control Devices

  • Bicyclists coming to a stop sign must slow, and if required for safety , stop.  If no car is approaching that causes an immediate hazard during the crossing of the intersection the cyclist may proceed through the stop-sign without stopping.  (Stop as yield)
  • Bicyclists coming to a red light must stop and yield to all other traffic. If safe the cyclist may proceed through the intersection  (Stop Light as Stop SIgn)

Signaling

  • Bicyclists must use hand/arm signals when turning and stopping unless the hand is needed to control the bicycle.

Drivers Overtaking Bicyclists

  • A vehicle passing a bicyclist must not do so in a way that interferes with the operation of the bicycle.
  • In Boise City, a driver must give a cyclist 3-Feet clearance to pass.  

 Bicycles Passing on the Right

  • A bicyclist may pass a car on the right if there is unobstructed pavement sufficient for 2 or more lines of vehicles and the pass may be done safely.
  • In Boise City it is legal to pass on the right.

Group Riding

  • Bicyclists may not ride more than 2 abreast, must not impede the “normal and reasonable movement” of traffic and must stay within a single lane..

Equipment

  • Every bicycle must be equipped with a white front facing headlight visible from at least 500 feet when used at nighttime..
  • Every bicycle must have a red reflector clearly visible from the rear of the bicycle
  • In Boise City, every bicycle shall be equipped with a brake which will stop it in twenty five feet (25′) at ten (10) miles per hour on dry, level, clean pavement;

Electric Assist Bikes

  • Idaho Law (Idaho Code 49-106) defines an electric assisted bicycle as an electric motor-driven vehicle equipped with operable pedals, a seat or saddle for the rider, no more than three wheels in contact during travel. In addition, the vehicle must be equipped with an electric motor that is capable of applying a power output of no greater than 750 watts, and that is incapable of propelling the vehicle at a speed greater than 28 miles per hour on level ground
  • Bicyclists may use a  e-bikes in the same matter as traditional bicycles but local ordinance may prohibit them from specific pathways.

Comments

Peter Wilborn Jan 13, 2021

As a Minneapolis-based attorney, I live, work, play and bike in the city. Although my city might be known for its lakes and our infamous Juicy Lucy, Minneapolis’ dedication to having safer streets for all should be included in that list. To reach the safe streets goal, numerous non-profit organizations and groups are working tirelessly […]

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Ambassador
Rachael Maney Jan 11, 2021

Applications for the Bike Law Foundation Ambassador Program are now live. CLICK HERE FOR THE APPLICATION. The deadline to apply is Sunday, January 24th. Those selected will be notified on or before February 1. Thanks for your support and willingness to work together to make bicycling safer for all. We are committed to you, to one another, and […]

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3-foot passing close call
Charlie Thomas Jan 11, 2021

It happens all the time: Someone emails me video footage, clearly showing they were biking along when a car buzzes past, coming within inches of a horrible crash — and there’s nothing I can do about it because we don’t have the laws in place to do something to help. Luckily, that might be about […]

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killing cyclist bike law
Rachael Maney Dec 22, 2020

BIKE LAW ANNOUNCES THE INDICTMENT OF CARL BEHLER FOR KILLING CYCLIST AND INJURING OTHERS   Today, Carl Behler appeared in court for the first time for killing cyclist Arthur Carter and injuring others. He was indicted on Friday (12/18) by the Anne Arundel County Grand Jury and promptly arrested and detained for 7 crimes related […]

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Bicycle Mayor
Bruce Hagen Dec 03, 2020

When I (Maria of Bike Law Georgia) called Pattie Baker, the first Metro Atlanta Bicycle Mayor, she was trudging through marshland on her bicycle on Alpharetta’s Big Creek Greenway. I pictured her in my mind with her bike, wearing her signature skirts, and mud on her sandals. Always on the go, the newly minted Metro […]

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Alabama Bike Advocacy
Danny Feldman Dec 02, 2020

When Alabama bike advocate Jamie Miernik was growing up in Minneapolis, Minnesota, she dreamed of being an astronaut.  And today, although she is not an astronaut, as a chemical engineer who worked for Boeing on the NASA space station project, she put her knowledge and talents to use keeping the astronauts safe and sound in […]

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Local bike shop Atlanta Bike Shop Mechanic
Bruce Hagen Nov 06, 2020

We have so many amazing local bike shops in the Atlanta Metro Area and in Georgia that it’s hard to single out any for the service that they provide, but here’s a short list of some of the shops from various parts of town and throughout the state. Eight Great Local Bike Shops in Georgia […]

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Justice Ginsberg Bike Law
Lauri Boxer-Macomber Nov 03, 2020

Last month after Justice Ginsberg passed away, I went on one of those long solo rides to pedal things out.  I was hoping that time in the saddle would help settle the emotional torrent within me.  On one hand, I was feeling driven, empowered, and more motivated than ever to step things up a notch […]

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Women on Bikes Rachael
Peter Wilborn Oct 11, 2020

Rachael Maney is the Director of the Bike Law Network and of the non-profit Bike Law Foundation. As most of you know, she has spent the last two weeks on these pages profiling 16 Women on Bikes leading up to yesterday’s inaugural Women’s Cycling Day. If you haven’t yet, read her profiles of and conversations with […]

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