Minnesota Bike Laws

It’s important to know your legal rights (and duties) when bicycling in Minnesota. It is especially important after a bicycle accident (we call them bicycle “crashes” and explain why here).

For any questions about the State’s bike laws, or about your rights to the road, contact Minnesota bicycle crash attorney Daniel Brazil directly.

Right to the Road

  • Under Minnesota statute 169.222, bicyclists have the same rights and responsibilities as drivers of motor vehicles.
  • Bicyclists and drivers must yield the right-of-way to one another as they would any other vehicle on the road.


  • No bicycle shall carry more persons than what they’ve been designed to carry.
  • No bicyclist may cling to any car or vehicle while riding.


  • Helmets are not required under Minnesota state law.


  • Bicyclists cannot be charged with a DUI while operating a bicycle.
  • Riding under the influence can lead to other charges, however, such as reckless endangerment or public intoxication. 


  • Nighttime riding requires a white lamp on the front and red reflector on the back of each bicycle.

Electric-Assisted Bikes

  • Electric-assisted bicycles that travel no more than 20 mph is considered a bicycle under Minnesota law.
  • Persons must be at least 15 years of age to operate an electric-assisted bicycle.

Group Riding

  • Bicyclists should ride no more than two abreast and should not impede the flow of traffic.


  • Bicyclists should always pass cars on the left.
  • Drivers must leave as much room as possible when passing bicyclists (at least 3 feet).


  • Bicyclists should give audible signals before passing pedestrians.
  • Bicyclists should give right-of-way to pedestrians.
  • Bicyclists have the same rights and responsibilities as pedestrians when lawfully using sidewalks and crosswalks.
  • Local laws may affect the use of sidewalks for cycling.


  • Bicyclists should signal all turns and lane changes with their arms.
  • The signal should be given continuously for the last 100 feet of the turn and while sitting at a stop waiting to turn.

Where to Ride

  • Bicyclists should ride as close as practicable to the right-hand curb.
  • Bicyclists should ride in the same direction as motor vehicles.


Ash Our Streets
Daniel Brazil Jan 13, 2021

As a Minneapolis-based attorney, I live, work, play and bike in the city. Although my city might be known for its lakes and our infamous Juicy Lucy, Minneapolis’ dedication to having safer streets for all should be included in that list. To reach the safe streets goal, numerous non-profit organizations and groups are working tirelessly […]

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Charlie Thomas Jan 11, 2021

It happens all the time: Someone emails me video footage, clearly showing they were biking along when a car buzzes past, coming within inches of a horrible crash — and there’s nothing I can do about it because we don’t have the laws in place to do something to help. Luckily, that might be about […]

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When I (Maria of Bike Law Georgia) called Pattie Baker, the first Metro Atlanta Bicycle Mayor, she was trudging through marshland on her bicycle on Alpharetta’s Big Creek Greenway. I pictured her in my mind with her bike, wearing her signature skirts, and mud on her sandals. Always on the go, the newly minted Metro […]

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Lauri Boxer-Macomber Nov 03, 2020

Last month after Justice Ginsberg passed away, I went on one of those long solo rides to pedal things out.  I was hoping that time in the saddle would help settle the emotional torrent within me.  On one hand, I was feeling driven, empowered, and more motivated than ever to step things up a notch […]

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Peter Wilborn Oct 11, 2020

Rachael Maney is the Director of the Bike Law Network and of the non-profit Bike Law Foundation. As most of you know, she has spent the last two weeks on these pages profiling 16 Women on Bikes leading up to yesterday’s inaugural Women’s Cycling Day. If you haven’t yet, read her profiles of and conversations with […]

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